Total: Number of up to 2 million ASGM miners are reported, but may be over-estimations for a total population of ~40 million. Given the ongoing gold rush, estimates of 300,000 as by IGF-18 appear to be under-estimations. Some number between 800,000 (average minimum of ARM-18 and IGF-18) and 2,000,000 is believed to be reasonable → 1,400,000
Min/max: As above: 800,000 - 2,000,000
Female participation: Islamic country & no photos of women miners in a web image search → 0
Gold: All data is for ASGM → 1,400,000

2018: 1,150,000

(IGF-18), Table Annex A1: 300,000 - 2,000,000

2018: 1,750,000

(ARM-18), Table Annex 3: 1,500,000 - 2,000,000

2015: 2,000,000

Personal Communications independently received by H.Wotruba and M.Osman, based on their in-country observations: 2,000,000

2014: 291,000

(UBC-14): Gold-only data produced by statistic modelling:

Expected ASM population: 291,000 
Estimated ASM gold production: 3 t/a
ReferenceYearCitationArchived CopyLink
UBC-142014Seccatore, J., Veiga, M., et al. (Univ. of British Columbia - UBC) (2014): An estimation of the artisanal small-scale production of gold in the world. Scitotenv.…
GMA-182018UNEP (2018): Global Mercury Assessment 2018. Technical Background Report E-Annex. Chapter 3.2. UNEP,…
IGF-182018IGF (2018): Global Trends in Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM): A review of key numbers and issues. IIED/IISD, London,…
ARM-182018Barreto, M.L.,Schein, P., Hinton, J., Hruschka, F. (2018): The Impact of Small-Scale Mining Operations on Economies and Livelihoods in Low- to Middle-Income Countries. ARM, Envigado, PACT,…
ASM DATA - Country Database Record
Country CodeSDN
ASM StatusExisting (data assessed)
Country Count1
Data year2015
Publ. year2018
ASM Miners1,400,000
- gold1 ,400 ,000
Data curation extrapolated
Inc. DevMinno
- min.800,000
- max.2,000,000
- female0
ASM Commoditiesgold
  • country/sudan.txt
  • Last modified: 2022/10/27
  • by Felix Hruschka