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Countries - ASM status, ASM miners and ASM commodities mined

Legend and Parameters to filter the list:

Legend and Parameters to filter the list:


AM Americas

  • AM-N North America
  • AM-LAC Latin America and the Caribbean
  • AM-LAC-ca LAC Caribbean
  • AM-LAC-mi LAC Central America
  • AM-LAC-sa LAC South America

AF Africa

  • AF-N Northern Africa
  • AF-SS Sub-Saharan Africa
  • AF-SS-e Sub-Saharan Eastern Africa
  • AF-SS-m Sub-Saharan Middle Africa
  • AF-SS-s Sub-Saharan Southern Africa
  • AF-SS-w Sub-Saharan Western Africa

AS Asia

  • AS-S South Asia
  • AS-SE South-eastern Asia
  • AS-CE Central Asia
  • AS-W Western Asia (Middle East)

OC Oceania

  • OC-AU Australia and New Zealand
  • OC-ME Melanesia
  • OC-MI Micronesia
  • OC-PO Polynesia

EU Europa

  • EU-N Northern Europe
  • EU-E Eastern Europe
  • EU-S Southern Europe
  • EU-W Western Europe

Income group
(Based on 2018 GNI per capita, or latest available)

  • L Low Income Country
  • LM Lower Medium Income Country
  • UM Upper Medium Income Country
  • H High Income Country


  • Data year Year of quantitative data assessment (as mentioned in reports or first publication)
  • Publ. year Year of most recent publication. (May be first publication or quoting older data)

Inclusion of Development Minerals (Inc. DevMin)
(Minerals for domestic use such as construction materials etc., other than the typical ASM commodities produced for export such as gold, 3T, gemstones, etc.)

  • no Development minerals are not included in the count. The total number of ASM miners is likely higher.
  • some Some development minerals are included in the count of miners but probably not all. The total number of ASM miners may be higher.
  • yes A representative number of development minerals is included in the count of miners. The count appears quite complete.

ASM Status

  • Existing (data assessed) Quantitative ASM data exists or qualitative evidence allows for an estimation
  • Existing (not quantified) Qualitative evidence of ASM exists, but is insufficient for a quantitative estimation. (Note: for technical reasons of correctly displaying this category on the map, a default value of 100 is assigned.
  • Likely existing (suspected) Conditions are favourable for ASM to exist. Evidence not yet identified.
  • None (unlikely) Conditions are not favourable for ASM. Most likely no ASM Country.

Data Curation

  • as reported The number is based on reported data. Reason: Data is considered sufficiently recent and plausible to reflect the current situation.
  • extrapolated The number has been extrapolated. Reason: Existing data is either outdated or partial (not covering the entire country or all typical ASM commodities).
  • supposed The number is a working hypothesis that needs to be confirmed. Reason: Quantitative ASM data has not been found, but qualitative evidence allows for a rough estimation.

CountryRegionIncome groupASM StatusData yearPubl. yearASM MinersData curation Inc. DevMin- min.- max.- female- goldASM CommoditiesCountry Count
AfghanistanAS-SLExisting (data assessed)2016201880,000as reportedsome70,00090,0000 5 ,000gemstone, lapis lazuli, emerald, ruby, marbel, gold, coal, chromite1
AlbaniaEU-SUMExisting (data assessed)200920236,000extrapolatedyes4,0008,0001 ,000 0chromite, marble, construction materials1
AlgeriaAF-NOLMExisting (data assessed)201420187,000as reportedno6,0008,0000 7 ,000gold1
American SamoaOC-POn/aNone (unlikely)0000 0
AndorraEU-Sn/aNone (unlikely)0000 0
AngolaAF-SS-mLMExisting (data assessed)20172018250,000no200,000300,00040 ,000 50 ,000gold, diamond1
Antigua and BarbudaAM-LAC-caHNone (unlikely)0000 0
ArgentinaAM-LAC-saUMExisting (data assessed)199920186,000as reportedno5,00010,0001 ,500 6 ,000gold1
ArmeniaAS-WUMLikely existing (suspected)0000 01
ArubaAM-LAC-caHNone (unlikely)0000 0
AustraliaOC-AUHExisting (not quantified)100100100100gemstones, opal, gold1
AustriaEU-WHNone (unlikely)0000 0
AzerbaijanAS-WUMExisting (not quantified)1001001000 100gold1
BahamasAM-LAC-caHNone (unlikely)0000 0
BahrainAS-WHNone (unlikely)0000 0
BangladeshAS-SLMLikely existing (suspected)0000 01
BarbadosAM-LAC-caHNone (unlikely)0000 0
BelarusEU-EUMLikely existing (suspected)0000 01
BelgiumEU-WHNone (unlikely)0000 0
BelizeAM-LAC-miLMLikely existing (suspected)0000 01
BeninAF-SS-wLMExisting (data assessed)2014201815,000as reportedno10,00020,0005 ,000 15 ,000gold1
BermudaAM-NHNone (unlikely)0000 0
BhutanAS-SLMLikely existing (suspected)0000 01
BoliviaAM-LAC-saLMExisting (data assessed)20212021230,000extrapolatedno220,000240,00075 ,000 200 ,000gold, tin, base metals1
Bosnia and HerzegovinaEU-SUMNone (unlikely)0000 0
BotswanaAF-SS-sUMExisting (data assessed)2014201815,000no10,00020,0005 ,000 15 ,000gold1
BrazilAM-LAC-saUMExisting (data assessed)20142014850,000extrapolatedno650,0001,050,000130 ,000 600 ,000gold, gemstone, diamond1
Brunei DarussalamAS-SEHNone (unlikely)0000 0
BulgariaEU-EUMNone (unlikely)0000 0
Burkina FasoAF-SS-wLExisting (data assessed)201720181,000,000as reportedyes900,0001,100,000300 ,000 700 ,000gold1
BurundiAF-SS-eLExisting (data assessed)2014201860,000no50,00080,00020 ,000 50 ,000gold, 3T1
Cabo VerdeAF-SS-wLMNone (unlikely)0000 0
CambodiaAS-SELMExisting (data assessed)20176,000as reportedno6,0006,0006 ,000gemstones, gold1
CameroonAF-SS-mLMExisting (data assessed)2014201844,000as reportedno40,00050,00013 ,000 44 ,000gold1
CanadaAM-NHExisting (not quantified)100100100100gold1
Cayman IslandsAM-LAC-caHNone (unlikely)0000 0
Central African RepublicAF-SS-mLExisting (data assessed)20172018450,000no400,000550,00070 ,000 100 ,000gold, diamond1
ChadAF-SS-mLExisting (data assessed)20182018300,000no270,000330,0000 300 ,000gold1
Channel IslandsEU-Wn/aNone (unlikely)0000 0
ChileAM-LAC-saHExisting (data assessed)2021202170,000extrapolatedno60,000100,00014 ,000 4 ,500copper, gold1
ChinaAS-CEUMExisting (data assessed)200320189,000,000as reportedsome7,000,00015,000,0002 ,500 ,000 2 ,750 ,000gold, 3T, coal, gemstone, jade1
ColombiaAM-LAC-saUMExisting (data assessed)20142018600,000extrapolatedsome500,0001,000,000150 ,000 450 ,000gold, gemstone, coal1
ComorosAF-SS-eLMNone (unlikely)0000 0
CongoAF-SS-mLMExisting (data assessed)202120215,000no4,0006,0001 ,500 5 ,000gold1
Congo DRCAF-SS-mLExisting (data assessed)200720182,000,000extrapolatedsome1,800,0002,500,000600 ,000 750 ,000gold, diamond, 3T, cobalt, copper1
Costa RicaAM-LAC-miUMExisting (data assessed)201220171,200as reportedno1,0005,000300 1 ,200gold1
CroatiaEU-SHNone (unlikely)0000 0
CubaAM-LAC-can/aExisting (data assessed)199920186,000some5,00010,0001 ,000 0industial minerals, salt1
CuracaoAM-LAC-caHNone (unlikely)0000 0
CyprusAS-WHNone (unlikely)0000 0
Cyprus NorthAS-Wn/aNone (unlikely)0000 0
Czech RepublicEU-EHNone (unlikely)0000 0
DenmarkEU-NHNone (unlikely)0000 0
DjiboutiAF-SS-eLMLikely existing (suspected)0000 01
DominicaAM-LAC-caUMExisting (data assessed)19992018200some1004000 0unknown1
Dominican RepublicAM-LAC-caUMExisting (data assessed)201420145,000no3,0007,000500 2 ,000gold, amber, gemstone1
EcuadorAM-LAC-saUMExisting (data assessed)20202020150,000extrapolatedno140,000160,00020 ,000 150 ,000gold1
EgyptAF-NOLMLikely existing (suspected)0000 01
El SalvadorAM-LAC-miLMExisting (data assessed)2,000supposedno1,0005,000200 2 ,000gold1
Equatorial GuineaAF-SS-mUMExisting (data assessed)2014201815,000no10,00018,0005 ,000 15 ,000gold1
EritreaAF-SS-en/aExisting (data assessed)20162018400,000no300,000450,00080 ,000 400 ,000gold1
EstoniaEU-NHNone (unlikely)0000 0
EthiopiaAF-SS-eLExisting (data assessed)201620211,260,000no1,200,0001,400,000450 ,000 1 ,024 ,000gold, opal, tungsten1
Falkland IslandsAM-LAC-san/aNone (unlikely)0000 0
Faroe IslandsEU-Nn/aNone (unlikely)0000 0
FijiOC-MEUMExisting (not quantified)100yes100100sand, gravel1
FinlandEU-NHExisting (data assessed)202020203,100as reportedno2,0005,0001 ,000 3 ,100gold1
FranceEU-WHExisting (data assessed)201420187,000as reportedno4,00010,000500 7 ,000gold1
France - French GuyanaAM-LAC-san/a20140as reported000 0gold (see France)
France - French Southern and Antarctic LandsAF-SS-en/aNone (unlikely)0000 0
France - New CaledoniaOC-MEn/aNone (unlikely)0000 0
French PolynesiaOC-POn/aNone (unlikely)0000 0
GabonAF-SS-mUMExisting (data assessed)201920195,000no3,00010,0001 ,000 5 ,000gold1
GambiaAF-SS-wLLikely existing (suspected)0000 01
GeorgiaAS-WUMExisting (not quantified)100as reported100100100gold1
GermanyEU-WHNone (unlikely)0000 0
GhanaAF-SS-wLMExisting (data assessed)201620211,200,000extrapolatedsome1,100,0001,300,000600 ,000 750 ,000gold, diamond, salt, sand1
GreeceEU-SHNone (unlikely)0000 0
GreenlandAM-Nn/aExisting (not quantified)100100100gemstone, ruby1
GrenadaAM-LAC-caUMNone (unlikely)0000 0
GuamOC-MIn/aNone (unlikely)0000 0
GuatemalaAM-LAC-miUMExisting (not quantified)100100100100gold1
GuineaAF-SS-wLExisting (data assessed)20162018350,000extrapolatedno300,000400,000150 ,000 300 ,000gold, diamonds1
Guinea BissauAF-SS-wLExisting (data assessed)201420147,000no5,0009,0002 ,000 7 ,000gold1
GuyanaAM-LAC-saUMExisting (data assessed)2019201923,000as reportedno10,00035,0002 ,000 19 ,000gold, diamond1
HaitiAM-LAC-caLMExisting (data assessed)199919994,500some2,5006,500500 500gold?, unknown1
HondurasAM-LAC-miLMExisting (data assessed)202120213,000no3,0009,0001 ,000 3 ,000gold1
Hong KongAS-CEHNone (unlikely)0000 0
HungaryEU-EHNone (unlikely)0000 0
IcelandEU-NHNone (unlikely)0000 0
IndiaAS-SLMExisting (data assessed)2013201915,000,000as reportedyes15,000,00018,000,0005 ,000 ,000 900 ,000gemstones, diamonds, coal, gold, copper, chromite, manganese, iron ore, bauxite, granite, barite, mica, marble, limestone, sandstones, slate1
IndonesiaAS-SELMExisting (data assessed)202020203,600,000as reportedsome3,500,0003,700,000360 ,000 900 ,000gold, tin, coal, diamond, sandstone, sulphur1
IranAS-SLMExisting (not quantified)100100100100base metals1
IraqAS-WUMLikely existing (suspected)0000 01
IrelandEU-NHNone (unlikely)0000 0
Isle of ManEU-Nn/aNone (unlikely)0000 0
IsraelAS-WHNone (unlikely)0000 0
ItalyEU-SHNone (unlikely)0000 0
Ivory CoastAF-SS-wLMExisting (data assessed)20172017500,000as reportedno300,000500,000100 ,000 150 ,000diamonds, gold1
JamaicaAM-LAC-caUMExisting (data assessed)199919991,500no5002,500200 500gold?, unknown1
JapanAS-CEHNone (unlikely)0000 0
JordanAS-WUMNone (unlikely)0000 0
KazakhstanAS-CEUMExisting (not quantified)100as reported100100100gold1
KenyaAF-SS-eLMExisting (data assessed)20182018140,000as reportedyes130,000150,00050 ,000 40 ,000gold, gemstone, soda ash, diatomite, gypsum, limestone, fluorite, construction materials1
KiribatiOC-MILMNone (unlikely)0000 0
KoreaAS-CEn/aNone (unlikely)0000 0
Korea DRAS-CEHNone (unlikely)0000 0
KosovoEU-SUMNone (unlikely)0000 0
KuwaitAS-Wn/aNone (unlikely)0000 0
KyrgyzstanAS-CELMExisting (data assessed)200320046,000as reportedno6,00012,0001 ,000 6 ,000gold, coal1
Lao PDRAS-SELMExisting (data assessed)2018201841,000as reportedyes15,00050,00020 ,000 20 ,000gold, gemstone, base metals, tin, construction materials1
LatviaEU-NHNone (unlikely)0000 0
LebanonAS-WUMNone (unlikely)0000 0
LesothoAF-SS-sLMExisting (not quantified)100100100diamond1
LiberiaAF-SS-wLExisting (data assessed)20152021200,000no100,000300,00030 ,000 100 ,000gold, diamonds1
LibyaAF-NOUMExisting (data assessed)201420187,000no1,00010,0000 7 ,000gold1
LiechtensteinEU-Wn/aNone (unlikely)0000 0
LithuaniaEU-NHNone (unlikely)0000 0
LuxembourgEU-WHNone (unlikely)0000 0
MacaoAS-CEHNone (unlikely)0000 0
MacedoniaEU-SUMNone (unlikely)0000 0
MadagascarAF-SS-eLExisting (data assessed)20212021700,000no650,0001,000,000350 ,000 600 ,000gold, gemstones1
MalawiAF-SS-eLExisting (data assessed)2003201860,000extrapolatedno40,00080,00020 ,000 30 ,000gold, gemstone1
MalaysiaAS-SEUMExisting (data assessed)199920184,600no3,0006,000500 3 ,000gold, gemstone, tin1
MaldivesAS-SUMNone (unlikely)0000 0
MaliAF-SS-wLExisting (data assessed)20162018500,000as reportedno400,000600,00030 ,000 400 ,000gold1
MaltaEU-SHNone (unlikely)0000 0
Marshall IslandsOC-MIUMNone (unlikely)0000 0
MauritaniaAF-SS-wLMExisting (data assessed)2017201710,000as reportedno5,00015,0000 10 ,000gold1
MauritiusAF-SS-eUMNone (unlikely)0000 0
MexicoAM-LAC-miUMExisting (data assessed)2014201456,000no40,00070,0005 ,000 56 ,000gold1
MicronesiaOC-MILMNone (unlikely)0000 0
MoldovaEU-EUMLikely existing (suspected)0000 01
MonacoEU-Wn/aNone (unlikely)0000 0
MongoliaAS-CELMExisting (data assessed)2019201970,000as reportedyes60,00080,00017 ,000 60 ,000gold, coal, fluorite, limestone1
MontenegroEU-SUMNone (unlikely)0000 0
MoroccoAF-NOLMExisting (data assessed)20172019100,000some73,000150,0002 ,000 10 ,000lead, zinc, barite, gold, gemstone1
MozambiqueAF-SS-eLExisting (data assessed)20222022640,000as reportedyes460,000807,000192 ,000 385 ,000gold, gemstone, tantalite, clay, construction materials, coal1
MyanmarAS-SELMExisting (data assessed)20192019525,000as reportedyes271,0001,228,00052 ,000 173 ,000gemstone, gold, industrial minerals, tin, other metals, oil1
NamibiaAF-SS-sUMExisting (data assessed)2018201820,000no10,00030,0002 ,000 1 ,000gemstone, diamond, gold1
NepalAS-SLMExisting (data assessed)20082018120,000yes120,000120,00040 ,000 0construction materials1
NetherlandsEU-WHNone (unlikely)0000 0
New CaledoniaOC-MEn/aNone (unlikely)0000 0
New ZealandOC-AUHNone (unlikely)0000 0
NicaraguaAM-LAC-miLMExisting (data assessed)2017201730,000as reportedno25,00040,0007 ,000 30 ,000gold1
NigerAF-SS-wLExisting (data assessed)20212021600,000extrapolatedno450,000800,0000 600 ,000gold1
NigeriaAF-SS-wLMExisting (data assessed)202120211,000,000some950,0001,050,00050 ,000 500 ,000gold, gemstones, tin, baryte1
Northern Mariana IslandsOC-MIn/aNone (unlikely)0000 0
NorwayEU-NHNone (unlikely)0000 0
OmanAS-WHNone (unlikely)0000 0
PakistanAS-SLMExisting (data assessed)20142018515,000as reportedsome450,000650,00025 ,000 30 ,000coal, gemstone, gold1
PalauOC-MIHNone (unlikely)0000 0
PanamaAM-LAC-miUMExisting (data assessed)201820185,000no5,00015,000500 5 ,000gold1
Papua New GuineaOC-MELMExisting (data assessed)2018201875,000as reportedno60,000110,0005 ,000 75 ,000gold1
ParaguayAM-LAC-saUMExisting (not quantified)100100100100clay, gold1
PeruAM-LAC-saUMExisting (data assessed)20192019100,000as reportedno95,000150,00015 ,000 100 ,000gold1
PhilippinesAS-SELMExisting (data assessed)20202020400,000as reportedno300,000500,00080 ,000 400 ,000gold1
PolandEU-EHExisting (not quantified)2014100as reportedyes1001000coal1
PortugalEU-SHNone (unlikely)0000 0
Puerto RicoAM-LAC-caHNone (unlikely)0000 0
QatarAS-WHNone (unlikely)0000 0
RomaniaEU-EHNone (unlikely)0000 0
RussiaEU-EUMExisting (not quantified)100as reported100100100gold, amber, etc.1
RwandaAF-SS-eLExisting (data assessed)2018201865,000no60,00070,00015 ,000 7 ,0003T, gold1
SamoaOC-POUMNone (unlikely)0000 0
San MarinoEU-Sn/aNone (unlikely)0000 0
Sao Tome and PrincipeAF-SS-mLMNone (unlikely)0000 0
Saudi ArabiaAS-WHExisting (data assessed)2019201910,000as reportedno8,00012,0000 10 ,000gold1
SenegalAF-SS-wLMExisting (data assessed)2017201767,000as reportedno60,00075,00034 ,000 67 ,000gold1
SerbiaEU-SUMNone (unlikely)0000 0
SeychellesAF-SS-eHNone (unlikely)0000 0
Sierra LeoneAF-SS-wLExisting (data assessed)20182016350,000extrapolatedno300,000400,00070 ,000 150 ,000gold, diamond, 3T, zircon1
SingaporeAS-SEHNone (unlikely)0000 0
Sint MaartenAM-LAC-can/aNone (unlikely)0000 0
Slovak RepublicEU-EHNone (unlikely)0000 0
SloveniaEU-SHNone (unlikely)0000 0
Solomon IslandsOC-MELMExisting (not quantified)100100100100gold1
SomaliaAF-SS-eLExisting (data assessed)2014201815,000as reportedno15,00015,0000 15 ,000gold1
Somaliland SomaliaAF-SS-en/aExisting (not quantified)100some100100100gold, tin, gemstones, kaolin, sepiolite1
South AfricaAF-SS-sUMExisting (data assessed)2014201830,000extrapolatedno20,00037,0004 ,500 30 ,000gold1
South SudanAF-SS-en/aExisting (data assessed)20162018200,000as reportedno100,000300,00065 ,000 200 ,000gold1
SpainEU-SHNone (unlikely)0000 0
Sri LankaAS-SLMExisting (data assessed)20132018165,000as reportedno90,000240,00020 ,000 2 ,000gemstone, gold1
St. Kitts and NevisAM-LAC-caHNone (unlikely)0000 0
St. LuciaAM-LAC-caUMNone (unlikely)0000 0
St. MartinAM-LAC-can/aNone (unlikely)0000 0
St. Vincent and the GrenadinesAM-LAC-caUMNone (unlikely)0000 0
SudanAF-NOLExisting (data assessed)201520181,400,000extrapolatedno800,0002,000,0000 1 ,400 ,000gold1
SurinameAM-LAC-saUMExisting (data assessed)2021202135,000extrapolatedno30,00040,0002 ,000 30 ,000gold, diamonds1
SwazilandAF-SS-sLMExisting (not quantified)100100100100gold1
SwedenEU-NHNone (unlikely)0000 0
SwitzerlandEU-WHNone (unlikely)0000 0
SyriaAS-Wn/aNone (unlikely)0000 0
TajikistanAS-CELMExisting (not quantified)100as reported100100100gold1
TanzaniaAF-SS-eLMExisting (data assessed)201620201,500,000as reportedsome1,000,0001,700,000375 ,000 1 ,000 ,000gemstone, gold, diamond, salt1
ThailandAS-SEUMExisting (data assessed)1999201820,000as reportedno10,00030,0002 ,000 0gemstone1
Timor LesteAS-SELMNone (unlikely)0000 0
TogoAF-SS-wLExisting (data assessed)2014201817,500as reportedno15,00020,0004 ,000 17 ,500gold1
TongaOC-POUMNone (unlikely)0000 0
Trinidad and TobagoAM-LAC-caHNone (unlikely)0000 0
TunisiaAF-NOLMNone (unlikely)0000 0
TurkeyAS-WUMExisting (not quantified)100100100coal1
TurkmenistanAS-CEn/aLikely existing (suspected)0000 01
Turks and Caicos IslandsAM-LAC-caHNone (unlikely)0000 0
TuvaluOC-POUMNone (unlikely)0000 0
UgandaAF-SS-eLExisting (data assessed)20212021300,000as reportedyes285,000315,000120 ,000 30 ,000gold, 3T, salt, clay, sand, stone1
UkraineEU-ELMExisting (not quantified)100as reported100100coal, gemstones, amber1
United Arab EmiratesAS-WHNone (unlikely)0000 0
United KingdomEU-NHNone (unlikely)0000 0
United StatesAM-NHExisting (not quantified)100100100100gold1
UruguayAM-LAC-saHNone (unlikely)0000 0
UzbekistanAS-CELMLikely existing (suspected)0000 01
VanuatuOC-MELMNone (unlikely)0000 0
VenezuelaAM-LAC-san/aExisting (data assessed)20192019300,000as reportedno250,000350,00015 ,000 300 ,000gold1
VietnamAS-SELMExisting (data assessed)2014201855,000no50,00075,0006 ,000 20 ,000gemstone, gold1
Virgin IslandsAM-LAC-can/aNone (unlikely)0000 0
West Bank and GazaAS-WLMNone (unlikely)0000 0
Western SaharaAF-NOn/aLikely existing (suspected)0000 01
YemenAS-WLLikely existing (suspected)0000 01
ZambiaAF-SS-eLMExisting (data assessed)20172017500,000as reportedno500,000600,000125 ,000 5 ,000gemstone, 3T, copper, gold1
ZimbabweAF-SS-eLMExisting (data assessed)201820181,000,000extrapolatedno500,0001,500,000250 ,000 600 ,000gold, gemstone, diamond1
      ∑ 49,493,600  ∑ 42,909,100∑ 64,314,400∑ 12 ,802 ,700 ∑ 18 ,222 ,700 ∑ 119
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  • country/country.txt
  • Last modified: 2023/03/01
  • by Felix Hruschka