Only data is from UBC-14. → 44,000
Min/max: conservatively estimated as +/- ~5,000 → 40-50,000
Female participation: could be potentially 30% as typical in African ASGM → 13,000
Gold: All data is for gold

2018: 44,000

ARM-18 and IGF-18 replicate UBC-14

2014: 44,000

(UBC-14): Gold-only data produced by statistic modelling:

Expected ASM population: 44,000 
Estimated ASM gold production: 1.5 t/a
ReferenceYearCitationArchived CopyLink
ARM-182018Barreto, M.L.,Schein, P., Hinton, J., Hruschka, F. (2018): The Impact of Small-Scale Mining Operations on Economies and Livelihoods in Low- to Middle-Income Countries. ARM, Envigado, PACT,…
IGF-182018IGF (2018): Global Trends in Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM): A review of key numbers and issues. IIED/IISD, London,…
GMA-182018UNEP (2018): Global Mercury Assessment 2018. Technical Background Report E-Annex. Chapter 3.2. UNEP,…
UBC-142014Seccatore, J., Veiga, M., et al. (Univ. of British Columbia - UBC) (2014): An estimation of the artisanal small-scale production of gold in the world. Scitotenv.…
ASM DATA - Country Database Record
Country CodeCMR
ASM StatusExisting (data assessed)
Country Count1
Data year2014
Publ. year2018
ASM Miners44,000
- gold44 ,000
Data curation as reported
Inc. DevMinno
- min.40,000
- max.50,000
- female13 ,000
ASM Commoditiesgold
  • country/cameroon.txt
  • Last modified: 2022/11/10
  • by Felix Hruschka