Total: data from ILO-99 replicated in all publications since. No new data available. As Malaysia is an upper medium income country, ASGM population may not have increased like in other countries; perhaps even decreased? → maintaining estimation of 4,600
Min/max: no data. Best guess in the range of 3,000 - 6000
Female participation: no data. Perhaps 10%? → 500
Gold: no data. Perhaps +50% → ~3,000

2018: 4,600 - 5,000

(ARM-18) and (IGF-18) replicating ILO data from 1999

1999: 4,600

(ILO-99): Employment: 4,600
Number of mines: 83
Illegal mines: n/a

ReferenceYearCitationArchived CopyLink
ARM-182018Barreto, M.L.,Schein, P., Hinton, J., Hruschka, F. (2018): The Impact of Small-Scale Mining Operations on Economies and Livelihoods in Low- to Middle-Income Countries. ARM, Envigado, PACT,…
IGF-182018IGF (2018): Global Trends in Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM): A review of key numbers and issues. IIED/IISD, London,…
GMA-182018UNEP (2018): Global Mercury Assessment 2018. Technical Background Report E-Annex. Chapter 3.2. UNEP,…
ILO-991999Jennings, N. (1999): Social and labour issues in small-scale mines. Report for discussion at the Tripartite Meeting on Social and Labour Issues in Small-scale Mines. ILO,…



ASM DATA - Country Database Record
Country CodeMYS
ASM StatusExisting (data assessed)
Country Count1
Data year1999
Publ. year2018
ASM Miners4,600
- gold3 ,000
Inc. DevMinno
- min.3,000
- max.6,000
- female500
ASM Commoditiesgold, gemstone, tin
  • country/malaysia.txt
  • Last modified: 2022/11/11
  • by Felix Hruschka