Total: Data from UNECA (2018) appear to be the most reliable, as they align with the surge of ASGM in neighboring countries of the Sahara region → 300,000
Min/max: no data. A range of +/-10% appears reasonable → 270,000 - 330,000
Female participation: Most likely low to none in isssslanic country context → 0
Gold: Presumably all data is for gold → 300,000

2018: 100,000 - 300,000

(IGF-18): Table 3 (data inherited from HIL-16): 100,000

Directly working in ASM: 100,000
Estimated number of dependants: 600,000
Main Minerals: Gold

UNECA (no date given at webpage, but according to quotes after 2017)_ 300,000

The ASM population in Chad is estimated at 300,000, mostly located in the Tibesti region in the Northern part of the country. Chad’s gold deposits are spread over 1 200km from the South to the Western part of the country. ASM operations are located around 40 sites dominated by informality and alluvial operations. The Tibesti region attracts many miners since the 2013 gold rush, where recently clashes have been recorded between the local community and artisanal miners - mostly of foreign origin. Like in many countries from the Sahel region ASM has seen a surge in numbers especially from youth. The most recent gold rush was in the Batha region in 2016 where clashes were recorded between miners and the army.   


(AMDC-17) has no ASM relevant data

2016: 100,000


Directly working in ASM: 100,000
Estimated number of dependants: 600,000

2014: 146,000

(UBC-14): Gold-only data produced by statistic modelling:

Expected ASM population: 146,000 
Estimated ASM gold production: 1.9 t/a

1999: 12,500

(ILO-99): Employment: 10,000 - 15,000
Number of mines: 2,000
Illegal mines (%): n/a

ReferenceYearCitationArchived CopyLink
ARM-182018Barreto, M.L.,Schein, P., Hinton, J., Hruschka, F. (2018): The Impact of Small-Scale Mining Operations on Economies and Livelihoods in Low- to Middle-Income Countries. ARM, Envigado, PACT,…
IGF-182018IGF (2018): Global Trends in Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM): A review of key numbers and issues. IIED/IISD, London,…
GMA-182018UNEP (2018): Global Mercury Assessment 2018. Technical Background Report E-Annex. Chapter 3.2. UNEP,…
AMDC-172017AMDC (2017): ASM Sector Report. Selected countries policy profile review of…
HIL-162016Hilson, G. (2016): Artisanal and small-scale mining and agriculture: Exploring their links in rural sub-Saharan Africa. IIED,…
UBC-142014Seccatore, J., Veiga, M., et al. (Univ. of British Columbia - UBC) (2014): An estimation of the artisanal small-scale production of gold in the world. Scitotenv.…
ILO-991999Jennings, N. (1999): Social and labour issues in small-scale mines. Report for discussion at the Tripartite Meeting on Social and Labour Issues in Small-scale Mines. ILO,…



ASM DATA - Country Database Record
Country CodeTCD
ASM StatusExisting (data assessed)
Country Count1
Data year2018
Publ. year2018
ASM Miners300,000
- gold300 ,000
Inc. DevMinno
- min.270,000
- max.330,000
- female0
ASM Commoditiesgold
  • country/chad.txt
  • Last modified: 2022/11/10
  • by Felix Hruschka