Total: Most reliable field based data from 2017: 67,000
Min/max: no data. Best guess: 60,000 - 75,000
Female participation: Data from 2021 sugests 50% → 34,000
Gold: presumingla all data is for ASGM. → 67,000

2021: female participation 50% indicates:

While definitive official data is limited due to the clandestine nature of most of the mining sites, analysis from 2018 in Senegal and 2019 in Mali estimated that women constituted half of the artisanal and small-scale mining labour force. Significantly, the female mining labour force is not only Senegalese and Malian but also includes various West African nationals from Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea and Nigeria.

2018: 15,000

(IGF-18): 15,000

2017: 67,000

Data contained in

The structured interviews were applied to a total of eight primary hard-rock sites representing  five major sites (5000þpeople), two medium-sized sites  (500þpeople), and one small  site  (>250  people),  which  together  accounted  for  more  than  half  of  the  total estimated ASGM population in  Senegal of  approximately 67,000  people.

2014: 15,000

(UBC-14): Gold-only data produced by statistic modelling:

Expected ASM population: 15,000 
Estimated ASM gold production: 0.3 t/a

1999: 3,000

(ILO-99): Employment: 3,000
Number of mines: n/a
Illegal mines: n/a

ReferenceYearCitationArchived CopyLink
ARM-182018Barreto, M.L.,Schein, P., Hinton, J., Hruschka, F. (2018): The Impact of Small-Scale Mining Operations on Economies and Livelihoods in Low- to Middle-Income Countries. ARM, Envigado, PACT,…
IGF-182018IGF (2018): Global Trends in Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM): A review of key numbers and issues. IIED/IISD, London,…
GMA-182018UNEP (2018): Global Mercury Assessment 2018. Technical Background Report E-Annex. Chapter 3.2. UNEP,…
UBC-142014Seccatore, J., Veiga, M., et al. (Univ. of British Columbia - UBC) (2014): An estimation of the artisanal small-scale production of gold in the world. Scitotenv.…
ILO-991999Jennings, N. (1999): Social and labour issues in small-scale mines. Report for discussion at the Tripartite Meeting on Social and Labour Issues in Small-scale Mines. ILO,…
ASM DATA - Country Database Record
Country CodeSEN
ASM StatusExisting (data assessed)
Country Count1
Data year2017
Publ. year2017
ASM Miners67,000
- gold67 ,000
Data curation as reported
Inc. DevMinno
- min.60,000
- max.75,000
- female34 ,000
ASM Commoditiesgold
  • country/senegal.txt
  • Last modified: 2022/11/11
  • by Felix Hruschka