Total: limited data, mainly based on UBC-14 statistic modelling. Adopting data of IGF-18 → 17,500
Min/max: as above → 15,000 - 20,000
Female participation: no data. Working hypothesis 20% as typical in equatorial Africa→ 4,000
Gold: All data for ASGM → 17,500

2018: 17,500

(IGF-18): 15,000 - 20,000 (17,500)

2014: 20,000

(UBC-14): Gold-only data produced by statistic modelling:

Expected ASM population: 20,000 
Estimated ASM gold production: 0.4 t/a
ReferenceYearCitationArchived CopyLink
ARM-182018Barreto, M.L.,Schein, P., Hinton, J., Hruschka, F. (2018): The Impact of Small-Scale Mining Operations on Economies and Livelihoods in Low- to Middle-Income Countries. ARM, Envigado, PACT,…
IGF-182018IGF (2018): Global Trends in Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM): A review of key numbers and issues. IIED/IISD, London,…
GMA-182018UNEP (2018): Global Mercury Assessment 2018. Technical Background Report E-Annex. Chapter 3.2. UNEP,…
UBC-142014Seccatore, J., Veiga, M., et al. (Univ. of British Columbia - UBC) (2014): An estimation of the artisanal small-scale production of gold in the world. Scitotenv.…
ASM DATA - Country Database Record
Country CodeTGO
ASM StatusExisting (data assessed)
Country Count1
Data year2014
Publ. year2018
ASM Miners17,500
- gold17 ,500
Data curation as reported
Inc. DevMinno
- min.15,000
- max.20,000
- female4 ,000
ASM Commoditiesgold
  • country/togo.txt
  • Last modified: 2022/11/11
  • by Felix Hruschka